中級日本語ー Ordering In A Restaurant
October 25, 2010 § Leave a comment
|How do you order in a restaurant? Do you carefully go over the menyu (meh-nyooo; menu), or do you look to see what other people are eating? Do you ask the ueta (oo-ehh-tahh; waiter) or uetoresu (oo-ehh-toh-reh-soo; waitress) for direction as to what’s good? Do you routinely order a zensai (zehn-sah-ee; appetizer), an o-nomimono (oh-noh-mee-moh-noh; beverage), and a dezato (deh-zahh-toh; dessert) in addition to your entree? In this section, I provide you with phrases and concepts that you need to order in a restaurant.
Whether you go to a four-star restaurant or the corner pub, your waiter or waitress will ask you questions like these:
Here are a few phrases that you can use when talking to the waitstaff:
To list several dishes, use to (toh) between dishes to link them. (Think of to as a verbal comma or the word and?) To specify the quantity of each item you want to order, use the counter that applies to food items, -tsu:
- hito-tsu (hee-toh-tsoo; one food item)
- futa-tsu (foo-tah-tsoo; two food items)
- mit-tsu (meet-tsoo; three food items
If you can’t read the menu at a Japanese restaurant, don’t worry. Most restaurants in Japan have colored pictures on the menu or life-sized wax models of the food in their windows. The easiest way to order is to follow this simple formula: Point to the picture of the dish on the menu, say kore o (koh-reh oh; this one), and say onegaishimasu (oh-neh-gah-ee-shee-mah-soo; I’d like to ask you) or kudasai (koo-dah-sah-ee; please give me) at the end.
Do you see any of your favorites on this dinner menu?
- bifuteki (bee-foo-teh-kee; beef steak)
- bifu shichu (beee-foo shee-chooo; beef stew)
- masshu poteto (mas-shoo poh-teh-toh; mashed potato)
- mito rofu (meee-toh rohh-foo; meatloaf)
- pan (pahn; bread) y sake (sah-keh; salmon)
- sarada (sah-rah-dah; salad) lS supu (sooo-poo; soup)
Which of the following Japanese dishes would you like to try?
- gyudon (gyooo-dohn; a bowl of rice topped with cooked beef and vegetables)
- oyako donburi (oh-yah-koh dohn-boo-ree; a bowl of rice topped with cooked chicken and eggs)
- shabushabu (shah-boo-shah-boo; beef and vegetables cooked in a pot of boiling broth)
- sukiyaki [soo-kee-yah-kee; beef and vegetables cooked in warishita (wah-ree-shee-tah; a mixture of soy sauce, sugar, and liquor)]
- tempura (tehm-poo-rah; deep-fried vegetables or seafood)
- unagi (oo-nah-gee; eel)
- yakiniku (yah-kee-nee-koo; Korean-style barbecue)
- yosenabe (yoh-seh-nah-beh; Japanese casserole of vegetables, fish, or meat)
Setting your table
If there’s anything missing on your table, ask the waiter for it. below table lists some items that might be missing.
If you’re having Japanese food, you may need some of these items:
- hashi (hah-shee; chopsticks)
- o-chawan (oh-chah-wahn; rice bowl)
- o-wan (oh-wahn; lacquered soup bowl)
Chatting With The Waiter
|//||Ask questions of your ueta (oo-ehh-tahh; waiter) or uetoresu (oo-ehh-toh-reh-soo; waitress), or just chat with them about the food they served.
Paying for your meat
When you eat with your friends, do you warikan ni sum (wah-ree-kahn nee soo-roo; go Dutch), or does one person ogoru (oh-goh-roo; treat) everyone? How about when you eat with your boss? He or she probably pays, but it never hurts to say O-kanjo o onegaishi-masu (oh-kahn-johh oh oh-neh-gah-ee-shee-mah-soo; Check please), especially if you know that your boss won’t let you pay.
The following phrases are handy when you pay for your meal:
- Betsubetsu ni onegaishimasu. (beh-tsoo-beh-tsoo nee oh-neh-gah-ee-shee-mah-soo; Please give us separate checks.)
- Isshoni onegaishimasu. (ees-shoh-nee oh-neh-gah-ee-shee-mah-soo); Please give us one check.)
- O-kanjo o onegaishimasu. (oh-kahn-johh oh oh-neh-gah-ee-shee-mah-soo; Check please.)
- Ryoshusho o onegaishimasu. (ryohh-shooo-shoh oh oh-neh-gah-ee-shee-mah-soo; Receipt please.)
You don’t have to tip at any restaurant in Japan, but you still get very good service 99 percent of the time. For very expensive meals, the tip is automatically included in your bill as a sabisuryo (sahh-bee-soo-ryohh; service charge).
Most restaurants accept kurejitto kado (koo-reh-jeet-toh kahh-doh; credit cards), but many of them still only accept genkin (gehn-keen; cash). If you’re not sure about a restaurant’s policy, ask before you’re seated.
|Words to Know|