中級日本語ー Japanese Numbers
October 25, 2010 § Leave a comment
- Counters in Japanese – Counters in Japanese and their use.
- Talking about Days and Times – Knowing about days and times in the Japanese.
- Specifying Japanese Year – Specifies the year system in Japanese.
Numbers are a great place to start discovering Japanese. Start at 1 and work your way up!
Numbers from 1 to 10:
You can master the art of counting from 1 to 10 right now. Check out below table
Numbers from 11 to 99
The Japanese number system is both cumbersome and logical. The concept of lucky and unlucky numbers is the cumbersome part. The Japanese think that 3, 5, and 7 are lucky numbers and that 4 and 9 are unlucky. So, the next time you give cookies to a Japanese person, give any number except 4 or 9. Now for the logical part: To make any number from 11 to 99, you combine the numbers 1 to 10. For example:
- 11 is jyuu-ichi (jyu-u-i-chi) – 10 (jyu) plus 1 (ichi).
- 12 is jyuu-ni (jyu-u-ni) – 10 (jyuu) plus 2 (ni).
- 20 is two sets of ten, so you say “two tens,” or 1 ni-jyuu (ni-jyu-u).
- 21 is ni-ju-ichi (ni-jyu-u-i-chi) – 20 (ni-jyu) plus l(ichi).
You can use this pattern to count until kyuu-jyuu-kyuu (kyu-u-jyu-u-kyu-u; 99, or 9 tens plus 9).
Numbers from 10O to 9,999
To count over 100, keep using the pattern for numbers 11 to 99:
- 100 is hyaku (hyah-koo), so 200 is ni-hyaku (nee-hyah-koo).
- 1,000 is sen (sehn), so 2,000 is ni-sen (nee-sehn).
Numbers from 10,000 to 100,000
Unlike English, Japanese has a special digit name for 10,000: man (ma-n). For 50,000, you may want to say go-jyu-sen because your mathematical logic is that 50,000 is go-jyu (50) of sen (1,000), but the Japanese say go-man (go-man; 50,000). Ten thousand is ichi-man (i-chi-man; 10,000), 20,000 is ni-man (ni-man; 20,000), and so on. One-hundred thousand is not 100 sen (thousand) but 10 man, or ju-man. Getting used to it? Check out below table to compare digit names
If you’re not sure of your counting abilities just yet, look up the numbers over 10,000 in below table.