JLPT 4 – sentences for various situations

October 21, 2010 § Leave a comment

// This lesson will also teach us some Japanese Onomatopoeia words also.1. In the first sentence pattern of this lesson we will learn how Japanese people invite each other for some event or occasion. Japanese people most of the time give invitations by using a sentence which has a negative meaning to it. For example the sentence used may be like “wont you come for the party?”. Instead of asking “will you come” they prefer saying “wont you come for the party?” which they feel is a more polite way of inviting someone. Following are two examples in the form of conversations.

Example: 1

Japanese version:

conversations in japanese language

English version: A: I am going to hold a party this Saturday. Won’t you come Mr. John.?

B: That is nice. I will go.

Example: 2

Japanese version:

invitations by using a japanese sentence

English version:

A: Won’t you have supper with me, tomorrow night?

B: Thank you! But my friend is coming tomorrow.

2. When you want to express your thought, aim or ambition in a confident voice, you make use of the word “zehi” to show your confidence. “Zehi” actually means sure, definitely. Along with the word “zehi” most of the times the patterns like “- tai” (wish to do), “- hoshii” (want) and “- kudasai” (please do) are used at the end of the sentence. Many times students make use of the word “mochiron” which means “of course” instead of “zehi”. However students should understand that this use is wrong. Have a look at the following examples which are related to this sentence pattern.

Example: 1

Japanese version:

japanese language using 'zehi'

English version:

A: You are studying Japanese language very hard, isn’t it? Do you wish to go to Japan?

B: Yes indeed! I wish to go to Japan.

Example: 2

japanese phrases with tai form

(The movie ‘Titanic’ is being shown in that theatre. You must see it once.

3. In this sentence pattern we will learn the meaning and use of “mashou”. “Mashou” is used when both the listener and the speaker want to do something together. This phrase basically means “let’s do ….. together”. We can use this sentence pattern while answering the question when asked using “masen ka” form. When ka is added to “mashou” i.e. it becomes “mashou ka” we form a question of this sentence pattern. Let’s have a look at the following examples to understand this sentence pattern more thoroughly.

Example: 1

Japanese version:

japanese sentence using mashou

English version:

A: I am returning. Won’t you come with me up to the station, Mr. Ali?

B: Yes, Let us go!

Example: 2

Japanese version:

 japanese sentences using mashou

English version:

A: Next week, there is an examination, isn’t it? Shall we study together?

B: Yes, let us do so!

4. In this sentence pattern we will learn the meaning and use of the Japanese language word “ukagaimasu”. “ukagau” is the dictionary form of the verb “ukagaimasu”. This verb is the Humble-Polite form of two other verbs which are “kiku” (to ask) and “tazuneru” (To visit, to enquire). With the help of “humble-polite form” of verbs we come to know how polite the speaker is. In addition, we also come to know the amount of respect the speaker has for the listener. The subject of the sentence where this form of Japanese verbs is used should always be “I/me” or things which are related to me. Instead of “ukagaimasu” we can also use “otazune shimasu” which has a similar use of showing respect and politeness of a person. At the end of the sentence which makes use of these two words always “ga” particle comes. Due to the “ga” particle more amount of modesty is expressed by you. Following are a few examples very helpful for you to understand this sentence pattern better.

Example: 1

Japanese version:

 'ga' particle in japanese language

English version:

A: It is better to do this job after meeting the President of our company, don’t you think so?

B: Yes, I also think so.

Example: 2

Japanese version:

japanese language with 'ga' particle

English version:

A: Excuse me! Will you please tell me, where is the post office?

B: Please, go straight along this road, then at the second signal from here please take a left turn. The third building on the right side is post office.

5. Until now we have seen the use of “wo/ o” particle which shows the object on which the action is taking place. Now we will learn a new use of this particle. There are motion verbs in Japanese language whose subject is always indicated by “wo/ o” particle. Some examples of the motion verbs are “tooru” (to pass by), “aruku” (to walk), “wataru” (to cross), “tobu” (to fly), “hashiru” (to run), “noboru” (to climb) and “oriru” (to get down). Sometimes students tend to make a mistake by using some other particles instead of “wo/ o” for indicating the subject, which is wrong to do. Below listed are a few examples related to the use of “wo/ o” particle.

learning japanese sentences with wo/o particle

(Mr. John! Please. Look over here. An airplane is flying in the sky and a train is running along the sea.)

wo/o and japanese language – (I took a stroll in the garden along with my friend.)

6. When something does not happen according to your wish or the way you want it to happen at that time “nakanaka” adjective is used. A sentence where “nakanaka” is used, the negative form of the verb is always used along with it. “Nakanaka” is Onomatopoeia. Following are some examples showing you the use of this verb in your sentences.

japanese language using 'nakanaka' adjective – (It is very difficult to remember the kanji characters.)

japanese sentences with 'nakanaka' adjective – (It does not seem possible for me to get up early in the morning.)

7. The sentence pattern which we are going to learn here is “- ni wa dou …tara ii ka”. In this pattern the phrase “- dou …tara ii ka” is used when you want to take someone’s suggestion about the method of doing something or the way in which you should do a particular thing. In English it would mean “for doing … which would be a good method that I should follow?” In this pattern we have made use of the “tara” form of a verb. It is very simple to make this form. Just maka the “ta” form of a verb and then add “ra” to it. In the same way the “ni” particle has been used to show the purpose or intention of performing an action. The “wa” particle is used to indicate the main subject of the sentence. Before “ni wa” always the “root verb” or dictionary form of verb is used. Following is an example of this sentence pattern:

suggestion based ta form japanese sentences – (What should I do to become fluent in Japanese language?)

ta form used in japanese language – (Please study every day.)

8. We have learnt the use of “to” particle as a conjunction which means “and”. In this sentence pattern we will see another use of “to” particle as a conjunction again. The particle will join two sentences but here when the event specified in the first sentence is fulfilled then only the event in the second sentence will take place. In other words it joins two sentences where the action of the first sentence should complete and due to that the action in the second sentence will take place. So you can say that the “to” particle works like a conditional conjunction. Following are some examples where you will see the use of “to” particle as a conjunction.

use of to particle in japanese language – (When spring comes, various flowers bloom.)

japanese sentences having to particle – (If you speak a lot, your throat will start paining.)

9. When you want to take permission of doing something use the sentence pattern “-te mo ii desu ka”. Here “te” means the “te form” of verb. The literal meaning of this sentence pattern is “May I do…?” In case you wish to give the permission then give it by using ” –te mo kamaimasen/ kamawanai” pattern. This phrase “- te mo kamaimasen/ kamawanai” means “you are free/ allowed to do…” If you want to deny the permission then express it by using “-te wa ikemasen” which means “you are not allowed to do…” Read the following examples for a better understanding of these three sentence patterns or phrases.

Example: 1

Japanese version:

te form japanese sentences

English version:

A: Would you mind, if I take photographs here?

B: No, you are not allowed to take photographs here.

Example: 2

Japanese version:

japanese language with te form

English version:

A: May I use this telephone?

B: No, you are not allowed to use this telephone. Please use that telephone.

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