初級日本語ーGreetings and Introductions

October 21, 2010 § Leave a comment

Greetings in Japanese

Greetings in japanese language are either ‘formal’ or ‘friendly’. Talking in ‘friendly’ version of language in formal cases are not considered good. Though the vice versa is not true. Formal japanese can be used in friendly cases. Given below are all formal japanese language.

Japanese people are very particular about their greetings. They are one of the most important aspects of their culture. They believe that greetings are the ways to show respect to each other. While greeting, the gesture of the person should be right. Japanese people bow from their waist when they greet each other. This act of bowing is called “Ogiji” in Japanese. The main objective behind Ojigi is that this is a sign of giving respect to each other. There are different ways of Ojigi for both males and females. Greeting someone in a lazy manner is considered disrespectful. If you are planning to go to Japan, it is better to have knowledge of the very basic Japanese greetings.

Following is the list of very simple and basic set of Japanese greetings, which is used in day-today conversations:-

Greeting in English Greeting in Romaji Greeting in Hiragana //
Hello KONNICHIWA
Good Morning OHAYOUGOZAIMAS
Good Afternoon KONNICHIWA
Good Evening KONBANWA
Good Night OYASUMINASAI
Good Bye SAYOUNARA
Thank you ARIGATOUGOZAIMAS
How are you doing? GENKIDESKA?
I am fine. Thank you. GENKIDES
I am hungry ONAKA GA SUKIMASHITA

Introduction in Japanese

English Romaji Hiragana
How do you do? HAJIMEMASHITE
What is your name? ONAMAEWA?
My name is Katsumi WATASHI WA KATSUMI TO IIMAS

Relationshp in Japanese

English Romaji Hiragana
Wife TSUMA
Husband OTTO
Son MUSUKO
Daughter MUSUME
Girl-friend / Boy-friend KOIBITO

 

Greeting to ask how are you along with the different ways to answer it:-

Question: Ogenki desu ka? – How are you?
(This question can be answered in three ways)

Ans 1: Okage samade genki desu. – With god’s grace i am fine, thank you.

Ans 2: Hai, mama desu. – Yes, I am so-so.

Ans 3: Hai genki desu. – Yes I am fine.

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